While it is certainly true that there are continuities and reciprocal positive interactions between the sciences and philosophy, the two are fairly clearly distinct enterprises. At any rate, I was reminded of this while reading a fascinating, in-depth article by Tamsin Shaw in the New York Review of Books, covering or referring to the claims of a number of books by psychologists that have recently made much noise to the effect that human beings are not rational, but rather rationalizing, and that one of the things we rationalize most about is ethics.
It is that fundamental mistake I wish to explore here.
I will skip the parts of the article that deal with the recent empirical and moral failures of the psychological profession itself. While fascinating, they are tangential to my aims here.
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- 3.2.1 Normative ethical theories.
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This, in my mind, is a colossal example of what in philosophy is known as a category mistake, after the felicitous phrase introduced by Gilbert Ryle. An understanding of the neural correlates of reasoning can tell us nothing about whether the outcome of this reasoning is justified.
Imagine we subjected a number of individuals to fMRI scanning of their brain activity while they are in the process of tackling mathematical problems. I am positive that we would find the following indeed, for all I know, someone might have done this already :. There are certain areas, and not others, of the brain that lit up when someone is engaged with a mathematical problem.
There is probably variation in the human population for the level of activity, and possibly even the size or micro-anatomy, of these areas.
- 3.2 Moral philosophy.
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But none of the above will tell us anything at all about whether the people in the experiment got the math right. Only a mathematician — not a neuroscientist, not an evolutionary psychologist — can tell us that. Now, so far so almost good. But of course these terms have the meaning they have only in the United States, and only for the last few decades. What it meant to be liberal, progressive, or something else, in the United States in the past was different, and it certainly is different in other places on the planet and a fortiori in other centuries, both in the US and elsewhere.inatteereeke.ga
Technology has a Philosophy Problem: Moral Backpropagation
But on what bases does he make such presupposition? Empirical ones? Adorno was one of the founders of the Frankfurt School of Critical Theory, and one of the most influential thinkers of the twentieth century in the areas of social theory, philosophy, literary criticism, and aesthetics.
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Be the first to ask a question about Problems of Moral Philosophy. Lists with This Book. Community Reviews. Showing Rating details. More filters. Sort order. Oct 21, Tom Shannon rated it it was amazing. I thought it was a good critique of Kantian moral philosophy and a thorough understanding of the state of the problems in moral philosophy as a whole.
It is a bunch of lectures so there is more rambling then if the text was written and refined, but it was not too hard to follow. I am glad that I read this after the other philosophers or it would have probably been unintelligible. Nov 08, Jeremy Allan rated it really liked it Shelves: philosophy-etc. While Adorno's lectures don't come free of their own problems, this very fact moves in support of the arguments he makes in favor of critique and the preservation of contradiction in philosophy.
This particular set of lectures will be most useful to readers of philosophy well-versed in Kant's ethical works, but still contains plenty of value for the uninitiated.
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I, for one, enjoyed Adorno's reflexive considerations of the problem of an Ethics of Conviction vs an Ethics of Responsibility, despite While Adorno's lectures don't come free of their own problems, this very fact moves in support of the arguments he makes in favor of critique and the preservation of contradiction in philosophy.
I, for one, enjoyed Adorno's reflexive considerations of the problem of an Ethics of Conviction vs an Ethics of Responsibility, despite my relative ignorance of Kant's ideas other than how they have filtered with distortions into popular consciousness. Be prepared for a dialectical bias, though, or you will be trying to find resolution where little, if any, exists. View 2 comments. Jan 03, Allen Radtke rated it it was amazing. Easier and more discursive than others of Adorno's works. But this covers a very wide range of topics and issues as well as moral thought.
Good for getting started with the broad scope of Adorno's work. Oct 08, Pinkyivan rated it did not like it Shelves: philosphy. Adorno keeps giving nothing except a style which just keeps rambling on and glimpses of anything of value are indeed just glimpses. Feb 23, Leonardo marked it as to-keep-reference. Lily Scrotum rated it it was amazing Sep 05, Vicki Ziva Frappollo rated it it was amazing Jan 20, Roman Batyaev rated it really liked it Oct 04,